Who are Eligible for Government Grants?
Thinking about getting a grant but not sure if you qualify for one? Knowing whether you are eligible to apply for and receive a federal grant is very important. With this information would save a lot of time and money. You can avoid having to complete the application process when you cannot actually receive the grant.
When considering eligibility, knowing what type of organization you represent, or whether you are applying as an individual is the first step. Already know whether you will apply on behalf of your organization or as an individual? Then you are ready to check your eligibility.
There are many types of organizations generally eligible to apply for funding opportunities on Grants.gov. Each type of organization listed in the categories below is a specific search criterion in Search Grants. Individual applicants are welcome too!
- State governments
- County governments
- City or township governments
- Special district governments
- Native American tribal governments (federally recognized)
- Native American tribal governments (other than federally recognized)
- Independent school districts
- Public and state controlled institutions of higher education
- Private institutions of higher education
Public Housing Organizations
- Public housing authorities
- Indian housing authorities
- Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), other than institutions of higher education
- Nonprofits that do not have a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher education
- Organizations other than small businesses
What about Small Businesses Grants?
Small business grants may be awarded to companies meeting the size standards established by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) for most industries in the economy.
If you decide to apply for grant as Individuals
Individual people may submit applications for a funding opportunity on their own behalf. This means it is not on behalf of a company, organization, institution, or government. Registering as an individual, only allows you to apply to funding opportunities that are open to individuals.
Most of the funding opportunities on Grants.gov are for organizations, not individuals. If you are looking for personal financial assistance or other types of funding, there are other Grant Programs for you to find and learn more about.
Foreign applicants need to complete the same registration process as domestic applicants, but there are additional steps to this registration process. The authorizing legislation and agency policies will determine whether a foreign individual or organization may apply for the grant.
Depending on the intended usage of the grant you are applying for, you may need to file a U.S. tax return which requires a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN), also referred to as an employer Identification Number (EIN). If a non-resident alien is awarded funding to perform activities outside the United States, then this likely does not constitute U.S. source income and a TIN/EIN is not necessary. Examples of such funding include scholarships, fellowship grants, targeted grants, and achievement awards.
Before applying, foreign applicants should thoroughly review the IRS website and search for their most recent guidance for Aliens and International Taxpayers.